Raksha Bandhan History

Raksha Bandhan Day which is also known as ‘rakhi’ is a major Hindu festival which celebrates the sacred relationship between brothers and sisters. The word ‘raksha bandhan’ lexically means a pact of protection which is celebrated on a full moon day in the month of August or Shravan. This festival is a ritualistic festival which is celebrated with tying threads in the wrist of the brother’s hands by the sister and the brother in turn takes an oath in order to protect her sister from all dangers which is related with great responsibility. Apart from tying threads the brothers and the sisters celebrates this auspicious day by serving gifts to each other and also eating sweets no this particular occasion.

Bond of Undying loveRakhi is also observed in relationship which is not strictly brother – sister by birth but cousins, platonic friends also tie rakhi to their adopted brothers. The history of the rakhi festival dates back to the medieval period when the partition of Bengal was declared by the governor of Bengal Lord Curzon and he decided to divide Bengal in two halves. As a sign of protest people walked bare footed and they decided to tie rakhi between the people of the two divided halves as a sign of universal brotherhood. In this particular occasion the great Indian poet; Rabindranath Tagore composed a song in order to feel the implication of this auspicious festival.
Ultimately rakhi is a sacred festival which is celebrated as a sign of protection of the weak by the strong and from the evil and history has served us with important examples that lays stress on this particular fact. We can derive interesting examples of the fact where the men protecting the women on the strength of the bond of rakhi. There is a famous event derived from history where emperor Humayun though not being a Hindu by religion accepted rakhi sent by Rani Karnawati of Chittor and marched to her empire along with vast army force in order to save her when she was attached to Bahadur Shah. Even history stands as a sign of witness that rakhi stands as a sacred bond between brothers and sisters and is accompanied with great responsibility.

Another incident derived from history which once again proves the impact of rakhi among the people which is very sacred festival. It was said that Draupadi, the wife of the pandavas, which is a famous incident sieved from the great Indian epic, Mahabharata, where she had once torn off her small patch of sari and tied it around Lord Krishna’s wrist so as to stem the flow of blood. Lord Krishna in turn took a vow to repay the dept of Draupadi and ensure her protection. Lord Krishna kept his promise during the incident of ‘Vastra Haran’ of Draupadi, and saved her modesty in front of the assembly by a magical incident of extending her sari infinitely in order to save her modesty.

Though the central incident related with raksha bandhan day is tying rakhi in the wrist of the brother but it is celebrated with all members of the family assembled together and is celebrated with great joy and happiness. Normally traditional clothes are given priority on this particular day and the fact of tying to the wrist of the brother symbolizes the fact of the sisters asking for their brother’s love and protection and the brother accepts the rakhi as a sign of completing the pact.
Raksha Bandhan Day is given full priority in India as well as in abroad especially in cases where the sister or the brother is staying far away then the internet services plays a very vital role in delivering the message of sister to the brother and vice versa.

Debjani Published: Feb 27, 2010 | Last Updated: Jun 24, 2020